The situations you have described are not how we see HIV being passed.
HIV is most commonly passed through unprotected vaginal or anal sex and the sharing of drug injecting equipment.
It can also pass from an HIV positive mother to her child during childbirth or breastfeeding, but this risk is greatly reduced if the mother is taking medications to treat the HIV.
HIV is not commonly passed through oral sex.
This virus cannot survive long outside of the body so it will not live on a towel or on a phone handset so we do not see HIV passing in these situations. Looking at a persons cut is not considered a risk.
Please feel free to check out our page on HIV to find out more about this virus.
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