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Are any other exposures than needle sharing with drug users or sexual contact when you recommend HIV testing? I mean any type of accidents, fights, hospital settings issues etc?
Hi, thanks for your questions. In general if there has been a possible risk from sharing fresh fluids that can transmit HIV ( blood, semen, vaginal fluids) then its recommended to test for HIV. Fighting, car accidents and being in hospital for an operation are not the way we see HIV transmitted. In general it is good to know one's current HIV status along with current STI status so that one... Read Full Answer
Can I be at risk of HIV transmission, due to situation when I injured my hand (one inch size wound) is bleeding and a guy take this bleeding hand and grab it? Any possibilities to transfer virus in case that his hand was wounded too? Can blood be transferred this way from one wound to another and go directly to my bloodstream? I found also in Google that such transmission was never reported. Is it a truth?
Hi, thanks for your questions about HIV transmission. The situation you describe is not the way we see HIV being transmitted. As soon as the fluid containing HIV ( blood/semen/vaginal fluid) is in the air, dries and gets cold, the HIV dies and cannot be transmitted. Blood to blood transmission has to be very direct for example through intravenous drug use or through a blood transfusion or... Read Full Answer
Can HIV be transmitted through gastroscopy with biopsy if cutting tool was not properly sterile or take some contamination from environmental surface in hospital (floor, desk etc.)?
Hi, thanks for your question. HIV dies when exposed to air and does not survive outside the body so it is not possible to be infected with HIV through contact with the hospital floor or desk. Endoscopes that are used for gastroscopy and other internal scope procedures are cleaned between patients with solutions that kill viruses, spores, fungi and bacteria. There are strict infection control... Read Full Answer
I am a gay man, age 47. I received HPV vaccine many years ago. Recently, I start wondering that if strength of the vaccine may wear off over time. Do I need to get a update HPV vaccine every few years or is one vaccination good for the life time?
Hi, there are ongoing studies on how long the effectiveness of the HPV vaccine lasts. Recently this 2017 study titled HPV vaccine is effective, safe 10 years after it's given, showed that at 10 years the vaccine was still effective in providing immunity. www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2017/11/171129131400.htm I checked with one of our resident physicians and currently there are no... Read Full Answer
Hello, i had unprotected sex with 2 girls. One in November and one in December. The girl in December put cream into her vagina right before we had vaginal sex. She said the cream is for numbing, but i dont know if she is telling the truth or not. Also, i had a wound on my penis. So, my questions are is there any cream that could lead to a longer hiv window period? Is the 6weeks test conclusive or have 99% accuracy? Do i have to do the 12weeks test to have a 99% accurate result?
HI, thanks for your questions. There is no cream that would lead to a longer HIV window period. If you had the HIV RNA or early test at the 6 week mark, then this is considered to cover the window period up to 99% to detect the virus if it was transmitted to you. Its important to consider other STI's that are transmitted through unprotected sex so although you have tested out HIV, you could... Read Full Answer