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Can you have sex with a condom within the 7 days u were given to get treated with the chlamydia pills


The short answer is no.

To be on the safe side we recommend that you do not have sex until:

  • one week after your 1-day treatment; or
  • your 7-day treatment is complete, and
  • your sex partner(s) have also been treated, even if their test results are negative.

While condoms reduce the chance of passing chlamydia and gonorrhea, there is still a possibility of passing them even when a condom is used.

Even after you start taking treatment for chlamydia and/or gonorrhea, you can still pass them in the first 7 days. It takes 7 days for the medication to treat these infections. Only after 7 days is the chance of passing these infections gone.

Even if your partner is taking treatment at the same time as you, we still say do not have sex until after 7 days. The treatment won’t work if someone is re-exposed to chlamydia or gonorrhea in those 7 days.

If you can’t avoid having sex for 7 days, then using a condom will help lower the chance of passing the STI to your partners, but there is no guarantee.

In addition to passing the infection to your partner(s) (or back to yourself), it's important to avoid sex when you have chlamydia or gonorrhea because the STI can increase your risk of getting HIV. Once the chlamydia or gonorrhea is gone, the HIV risk is normal again.

If you did have sex during the 7 days, then we recommend that you talk to the doctor or clinic where you got the treatment. In some situations, they will recommend that you and your partner(s) get re-treated, or they may suggest that you come back for a follow-up test in 4 weeks.

Have a look at our web page on chlamydia for additional information.

Health Nurse

This answer was posted on December 10, 2014

Community comments

asmile12345 says:

My husband and I had sex 2 weeks after my treatment and 8 days after his treatment. I have a doctor's appointment in a week and he is scheduling his for this week. Everything I read said it was okay for us to have sex. It was hard for us to wait any longer it have been about 30 days for us and we usually have sex everyday or every few days. I woke up with a little sore in my mouth (however it could be from stress) but I am just concerned. Do you think we are negative for chlamydia. I have been reading stories were the antibiotic we took doesn't work. (We took azithromycin.)

Health Nurse says:

Azithromycin 1000mg ( 4 red pills) is one of the recommended treatments for chlamydia. Waiting 7 days after the treatment before having sex is so the chlamydia completely clears and you have both waited longer than that. You would both be considered to be clear of chlamydia. If there are any other partners, then it is best if they also are treated before having sex with them again. Advice around retesting is that it is not done until at least 3 -4 weeks after treatment as before that time, the sensitive test can pick up the dead chlamydia cells and come back as a false positive. Hope this helps. Health Nurse

judyjung says:

My boyfriend and I had sex when I had been completely treated for chlamydia but he had not been yet. Unfortunately, it just had become difficult for us having waited over 30 days. We used condoms during sex but given the risk, I plan to get retested of course given the poor decision. I was just wondering what my risk of infertility and complications would be if I had a second chlamydia infection? And how long should I wait before getting tested to ensure the test is accurate? I plan to go in the next 9 days. Is that ok?

Health Nurse says:

Hi there,

If at all possible, it would be great if you and your boyfriend got treated at the same time. Given that you had sex with your boyfriend before he was treated, it would be a good idea to get re-treated to cover off any risk of infection.

If you were the person who initially tested positive, and you were treated adequately, the ideal wait time before being re-tested is at least 3 weeks after completing treatment. This is to prevent getting a false positive result. 

Every body is different, and so risk of infertility and complications are different for everyone. Prompt treatment is always best to help prevent complications from infection.

Beckybaby says:

I waited 5 days after treatment and not the full 7.... Helppppp, should I get retested!? Did I infect my partner!?!?

Health Nurse says:


It would be best to go back to the clinic that did your original test. They would know your full situation and could let you know what would be best for you to do. 

When someone tests positive for chlamydia we recommend that all their sexual partners in the last 2 months gets tested and treated for chlamydia. Just wondering if the partner you are talking about was tested and treated? If they are a sexual partner from the last 2 months and untreated it would be good to get the medication again.

If you were both treated on the same day, the clinic may say that it is probably ok but to be on the safe side may recommend repeating the treatment or just doing another test in 4 weeks’ time.

Continued below......


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