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Can you have sex with a condom within the 7 days u were given to get treated with the chlamydia pills


The short answer is no.

To be on the safe side we recommend that you do not have sex until:

  • one week after your 1-day treatment; or
  • your 7-day treatment is complete, and
  • your sex partner(s) have also been treated, even if their test results are negative.

While condoms reduce the chance of passing chlamydia and gonorrhea, there is still a possibility of passing them even when a condom is used.

Even after you start taking treatment for chlamydia and/or gonorrhea, you can still pass them in the first 7 days. It takes 7 days for the medication to treat these infections. Only after 7 days is the chance of passing these infections gone.

Even if your partner is taking treatment at the same time as you, we still say do not have sex until after 7 days. The treatment won’t work if someone is re-exposed to chlamydia or gonorrhea in those 7 days.

If you can’t avoid having sex for 7 days, then using a condom will help lower the chance of passing the STI to your partners, but there is no guarantee.

In addition to passing the infection to your partner(s) (or back to yourself), it's important to avoid sex when you have chlamydia or gonorrhea because the STI can increase your risk of getting HIV. Once the chlamydia or gonorrhea is gone, the HIV risk is normal again.

If you did have sex during the 7 days, then we recommend that you talk to the doctor or clinic where you got the treatment. In some situations, they will recommend that you and your partner(s) get re-treated, or they may suggest that you come back for a follow-up test in 4 weeks.

Have a look at our web page on chlamydia for additional information.

Health Nurse

This answer was posted on December 10, 2014

Community comments

Health Nurse says:

The thing you need to be careful with chlamydia testing after a positive result is that sometimes you can get a false positive result. This happens because the testing is sensitive and can show a positive result if it detects any chlamydia genetic material. People can have dead genetic material that can show up on testing up to 4 weeks after taking treatment. That is why in some situations like this, they will just do the treatment again to be on the safe side, since they cannot do an accurate test.

Let us know if you have any more questions or concerns.

Health Nurse

Jane3761 says:

I was tested positive for chlamydia. I got a shot for it and I’m not sure what shot it was but my nurse told me that I had to wait 7 days in order to have sex again. I waited for 9 days and I had unprotected sex from a new partner. Few weeks later, he told me that he had a few drops of blood in his urine. I told him about my infection and he got tested. I went to get tested again and I was negative. We still have yet to find out his results but is it possible that I passed the STD to him?
Another question I’m curious about is: if we passed the std back and forth while I’m being treated, can the treatment cure NEW infections or can I still get the STD, regardless.
I’m sorry if that question didn’t make sense. Im just so confused as to how he could potentially have the infection while I came out negative.

Health Nurse says:


It’s possible you could have passed chlamydia to him, but I think that it is unlikely for a few reasons. The chlamydia treatment we give in BC Canada works really well and we find it’s unlikely that it would still be there 9 days after treatment. We do not give injections for Chlamydia treatment in BC Canada so I am unsure what treatment you received but you were given the correct information of not having sex for 7 days. Another thing is that blood in the urine is not a typical symptom if someone has chlamydia in the penis. It’s good he went to the clinic to have the blood in the urine looked at. Also your chlamydia re-test was negative.

It’s still possible for you to get chlamydia in the future as the treatment only lasts in your body for a few days and the chlamydia needs to be in contact with the treatment for a period of time for it to work.

Let us know if you have any more questions.

Health Nurse

roli_0121 says:

I tested positive for chlamydia and treated for chlamydia on 05/01/19. I retested on 05/17/19. My results came back negative. Is there any way that this could be a false negative result since I tested just three weeks after treatment? This was a urine test.

Also, I have started to have some itchiness around my rectum and doctor examined me on 05/17/19 but did not notice any sign of infection. Could it be possible that this could be chlamydia. I am straight, have never had anal sex but I heard that the bodily fluids can head down towards the butt area.

Health Nurse says:

Hi, the earliest the test of cure can be done is at 21 days or three weeks. this is because the testing is super sensitive and if done too early can pick up the dead chlamydia cells and come back as a false positive. In your case, you can rely on the the negative test result as reflecting your status. If you took the antibiotic treatment, it treates chlamydia at any site. so if by chance you did have chlamydia in your rectum, then this chlamydia would have been treated. Itchiness around the anus can be caused by other reasons besides an sti e.g. spicy foods

Itguy31 says:

I was treated with a single dose z-pack and had unprotected sex with someone who may have chlymadia 8-9 days later (after my treatment) it likely I was infected? Not sure if the antibiotics are still effective that long after?

Health Nurse says:

The chlamydia you had has been treated but the antibiotics you were given only treat that chlamydia not future infections. It is possible to become infected again right away. 

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