For health providers

You are here

Archives

2022

March (1)
February (1)

2021

November (3)
October (2)
September (2)
July (2)
May (1)
February (2)
January (3)

2020

November (1)
September (1)
August (1)
June (1)
April (1)
March (2)
February (1)
January (2)

2019

November (2)
October (3)
September (3)
August (2)
July (2)
June (3)
May (1)
April (1)
March (2)
February (1)
January (2)

2018

December (2)
November (3)
October (2)
August (3)
July (5)
June (3)
May (3)
April (3)
March (1)
February (3)
January (3)

2017

December (2)
November (4)
October (2)
September (3)
August (2)
July (1)
June (3)
May (1)
April (4)
March (4)
February (7)
January (2)

2016

December (3)
November (1)
October (2)
September (1)
August (4)
July (2)
June (5)
May (2)
April (2)
March (3)
February (3)

2015

December (3)
November (1)
October (2)
September (3)
August (3)
July (2)
June (6)
May (3)
April (3)
March (1)
February (2)
January (3)

2014

December (2)
November (2)
October (3)
September (3)
August (2)
July (4)
June (4)
May (5)
April (6)
March (4)
February (4)
January (5)

2013

December (3)
November (5)
October (6)
September (3)
August (5)
July (5)
June (5)
May (6)
April (5)
March (6)
February (5)
January (5)

2012

December (3)
November (4)
October (4)
September (2)
August (5)

Structural barriers & facilitators to the ongoing implementation of GetCheckedOnline

Background

GetCheckedOnline is a comprehensive internet-based testing service for sexually transmitted and blood-borne infections (STBBIs) available in select communities in British Columbia (BC), Canada, first implemented in 2014. The Digital Sexual Health Initiative team led by Dr. Mark Gilbert at the BC Centre for Disease Control conducted a study to understand the macro-level structural barriers and facilitators to the ongoing implementation of GetCheckedOnline, specifically its scale-up, adaptation, maintenance, and sustainability.

Figure 1. Implementation phases of GetCheckedOnline

Implementation phases of GetCheckedOnline

Methods

This study used the sociological research strategy of institutional ethnography. Twenty-five individual interviews were conducted with provincial and regional implementers of GetCheckedOnline and other stakeholders between April 2019 and February 2020. Observation was done for planning and operations meeting related to GetCheckedOnline implementation. In addition, key documents relevant to the work of implementing GetCheckedOnline and public health services in BC were reviewed.

Results

Provincial and regional service health implementers of GetCheckedOnline and STBBI prevention and testing services working within BC’s health system were tasked with and eager to implement, scale, adapt, maintain, and sustain online STBBI services to address testing access barriers and achieve health equity outcomes. However, the structure of the health system and the technology ecosystem surrounding it brought implementers up against several macro-level structural barriers which varied by implementation phase.

During Scale-Up

Implementers faced the limits imposed by provincial public health policy centered on biomedical HIV prevention and the funding of comprehensive sexual health services and service gaps.

Barriers
  • Navigating tight, targeted budget envelopes
  • Sustaining STBBI testing within co-testing policies centered around HIV
Facilitators
  • Space created for implementing GetCheckedOnline in the early years of the new policy
  • Making use of associated financial and operational resources
  • Viewing scale-up as an opportunity to fill testing and service gaps

During Adaptation

Implementers navigated limited knowledge of internal information technology (IT) systems and processes, and the trickle-down effects of the internal restructuring of health agencies.

Barriers
  • Facing lengthy and obscure health-system IT assessment, decision-making and prioritization processes
  • Learning and relearning about IT processes as they are tackled
  • Managing IT requirements and solutions and preserving equitable access to testing
  • Anticipating and covering changing technology-related costs
Facilitators
  • Evolving understandings of data integrity, security, and retention over time
  • Organizational willingness to act on user’s needs and feedback

During Maintenance

Implementers confronted constant change in the wider IT ecosystem and computer system interoperability challenges stemming from maintaining a low-barrier testing services.

Barriers
  • Maintaining and updating IT software and hardware platforms that are constantly changing
  • Requiring additional administrative and nursing time to run the service
  • Devoting time to manual data entry and work processes that are automated in other clinical area
Facilitators
  • Handling GetCheckedOnline clients and test results in the same way as in-person clients and results from the provincial STI clinic
  • Relying on structured guidance developed specifically for the daily operations of GetCheckedOnline
  • Drawing on existing nursing scope of practice
  • Tapping into shared public health system responsibilities

During Sustainability

Implementers came up against budgetary processes within organizations and for-profit corporate interests outside the health system.

Barriers
  • Submitting business cases and briefing notes proving the need, worth and merit of the service
  • Relying on a global budget allocation for public health laboratory testing
  • Balancing partnership and cost containment with the private sector
Facilitators
  • Keeping key service features over time allowing for long-term evaluation
  • Counting on province-wide and community support and demand for service

Implications for practice

This study demonstrates the value of understanding the context-specific complexities surrounding scaling, adapting, maintaining, and sustaining a service beyond its initial implementation. The findings also offer insights into the implementation of online sexual health and public health services more broadly by highlighting the unique challenges of implementing digital health programs. In particular, the important influence of information technology systems and processes which we propose be considered as a unique contextual domain in implementation science research applied to digital health programs.

To read more

https://dishiresearch.ca/resource/beyond-initial-implementation-barriers-and-facilitators-to-the-scale-up-adaptation-maintenance-sustainability-of-getcheckedonline/

Categories: New knowledge

Search related content: implementation science, research

Comments

No comments yet.

Add a comment

Log in to post comments