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Cervicitis is most often caused by sexually transmitted infections (STIs) such as gonorrhea, chlamydia, herpes simplex virus or trichomoniasis. Cervicitis can also be caused by other bacteria or from reactions to latex, douches or vaginal creams.
You may have cervicitis and not have any symptoms. If you do have symptoms, you may notice:
- an increase in the fluid from the vagina/internal genitals
- bleeding or spotting between periods
- pain during intercourse
When the infection that is causing cervicitis is not treated, it can spread to the uterus and fallopian tubes. If this happens, people with cervixes may have difficulty getting pregnant, have tubal pregnancies, or may have ongoing pelvic pain.
Tests and Diagnosis
Cervicitis is usually diagnosed during a pelvic exam when your health care practitioner looks at your cervix and takes swabs which are sent to the lab.
Usually the infection that is causing cervicitis is treated with antibiotic pills. Most often your sexual partners will also be treated.
Treatment for Partners
Anyone you have had sex with in the past two months (60 days), should be tested and treated. Partners are almost always given medication whether they have symptoms or not. If you have not had sex in the past two months, your last partner should be tested.
Avoid Re-infection or Prolonging Infection
It is important that you do not have pentetrative sex (including oral) until you and your partners have finished taking all of the medication. If you or your partners miss pills or have unprotected sex before you have finished all the medication, there is a chance that the infection will stay in your body and cause problems later. If this happens, talk with your health care provider who will help you to decide if you need further treatment.
HealthLink BC – Cervicitis
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