A service provided by the BC Centre for Disease Control

A-Z topics

You are here

Cervicitis

Cervicitis is an inflammation of the cervix, which is the part of the womb that ends in the vagina. Cervicitis is common and affects many people at some point in their adult lives.

Causes

Cervicitis is most often caused by sexually transmitted infections (STIs) such as gonorrhea, chlamydia, herpes simplex virus or trichomoniasis. Cervicitis can also be caused by other bacteria or from reactions to latex, douches or vaginal creams.

Symptoms

You may have cervicitis and not have any symptoms. If you do have symptoms, you may notice:

  • an increase in the fluid from the vagina
  • bleeding or spotting between periods
  • pain during intercourse

Complications

When the infection that is causing cervicitis is not treated, it can spread to the uterus and fallopian tubes. If this happens, people with cervixes may have difficulty getting pregnant, have tubal pregnancies, or may have ongoing pelvic pain.

Tests and Diagnosis

Cervicitis is usually diagnosed during a pelvic exam when your health care practitioner looks at your cervix and takes swabs which are sent to the lab.

Treatment

Usually the infection that is causing cervicitis is treated with antibiotic pills. Most often your sexual partners will also be treated.

Treatment for Partners

Anyone you have had sex with in the past two months (60 days), should be tested and treated. Partners are almost always given medication whether they have symptoms or not. If you have not had sex in the past two months, your last partner should be tested.

Avoid Re-infection or Prolonging Infection

It is important that you do not have oral, vaginal (frontal), or anal sex until you and your partners have finished taking all of the medication. If you or your partners miss pills or have unprotected sex before you have finished all the medication, there is a chance that the infection will stay in your body and cause problems later. If this happens, talk with your health care provider who will help you to decide if you need further treatment.

Resources

HealthLink BC – Cervicitis
 

Download and print this page (below)

Search related content:
cervicitis, gonorrhea, chlamydia, herpes, trichomoniasis
Was this page helpful? Please tell us why